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    Protein synthesis, also known as protein biosynthesis, is the fundamental biological process occurring inside cells. It involves the creation of new proteins to balance the loss of cellular proteins through degradation or export. This process is essential as proteins perform critical functions such as acting as enzymes, structural proteins, or hormones. Protein synthesis can be broadly divided into two phases: transcription and translation.

    During transcription, a section of DNA encoding a protein, known as a gene is converted into a template molecule called messenger RNA (mRNA) by enzymes called RNA polymerases in the nucleus of the cell. In eukaryotes, the mRNA is initially produced
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